China Republican Coinage (2) - 1933 (Year 22) JUNK DOLLAR- Sun Yat Sen 1 Dollar 壹圎

Second coin in my Chinese Republican era series! A Junk Dollar struck in Silver! 

Quick Overview:

Country: China
Date: 1933 (Min Guo 22nd Year)
Dynasty: Republic  
Region/Province: Central Mint 
Composition: Silver
Catalog: Krause: Y345

Year 22 (1933) Junk Dollar 

For a novice Chinese coin collector, the Junk Dollar, along with the Yuan Shi Kai "Fatman" Dollar,  is a well known coin that is known in the Western world. 

The word "Junk" refers to the traditional Chinese ship used for trading and in warfare.

The Junk Dollar series consists of 3 coins.  (Mintage and Krause # in Parenthesis) 

1) The 1931 (Year 21) Junk Dollar BIRDS OVER JUNK-2,260,000-Y#344
2) The 1932 (Year 22) Junk Dollar NO BIRDS OVER JUNK-46,400,000-Y#345
3) The 1943 (Year 23) Junk Dollar NO BIRDS OVER JUNK-128,740,000-Y#345

The most scarcest of them all is the Birds over Junk Variety. Here is a picture for reference. (Google Images) 

This particular variety is a very scarce and highly desirable variety. Typical auction prices (Heritage and Spinks) are several thousands of USD. A very beautiful coin!

Many coin experts say and agree that the reason why the birds were removed after a year, was because they look like Japanese airplanes. This is because during the 1930's the Japanese had a greater influence and presence in China, more specifically in Manchurian. It would be in 1937, when the Second Sino-Japanese War would start. 

The year 22 and 23 varieties are significantly more common, and they do not feature the birds over junk. Among the two coins, the year 22 is more scarce. 

According to Krause's Standard Catalog of World Coins, "In 1949, three U.S. mints restruck a total of 30 million “Junk Dollars” dated Year 23. Several varieties are known. Most carry the same value". Therefore, there are far more 1934 Year 23 coins than the year 22 coin. 

These coins are struck in silver, and have the denomination of 1 Yuan, or 1 Dollar. They are the same size and weight as the Dragon Dollars of the Imperial Qing Dynasty. The obverse features the bust of Sun Yat Sen, the founder of a modern Republican China. He was a proponent of ending the Manchu Qing Rule through the successful Wuchang Uprising, which was part of the Xinhai Revolution of 1911. The year 1911 is the end date of the Qing Dynasty. 

For more details on Sun Yat Sen, a doozy of a figure, please visit:

The reverse features the Chinese Junk, a ship that has been used for many centuries in Chinese warfare and trade. Here is an actual picture of a Junk. 

My Coin

Observe: 中華民國二十二年

Reserve: 壹圎
Condition: VF

Mint Information:

The Tientsin Mint was the general issue mint of the Chinese Republican Government. They produced the Yuan Shikai "Fatman," Junk Dollar, Memento Dollar, and copper cash series. This was not a provincial mint but rather a centralized mint that gave general circulation coins for the entire China. Furthermore, comparatively, the Tientsin mint's minting equipment/dies were of higher quality (compared to Warlord Szechuan, etc) and output/production was higher.