Korea Imperial Coinage (5) - A Pair Of - Kwang Mu 광무 光武 Yr 9 1905 and Yr 10 1906 LARGE DIE SIZE-- Copper 1 Chon

Today's post is about a pair of scarcer 1 Chon coins struck during the Japanese Protectorate era. They are also the first two in the issue series, and are struck with a large die size. 

Quick Overview:

Country: Korea (Protectorate)
Date: 1905 (Undated) - Kwang Mu 9th Year and 1906 (Undated) - Kwang Mu 10th Year
Dynasty: Japanese Protectorate 
Region/Province: Korea
Composition: Copper
Catalog: Krause: 1905- KM1137 / 1906- KM1125
Mintage: 11,800,000 (Same for both years)
*Coin looks similar to the Japanese Copper 1 Sen of the Meiji era? Read on for more information!*

Historical Background:

Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905 "The Eulsa Treaty" -https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan%E2%80%93Korea_Treaty_of_1905
The Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905-

The Korean Protectorate Era was the last era of Korean Sovereignty (To some extent) till her full annexation in 1910. 

The increased Japanese influence in the Protectorate era is very easily seen. The Protectorate Era began with the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, and the signing of the Eulsa Treaty of 1905, also known as the "Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905." This treaty resulted because of the Japanese victory during the 1904-1905 war against Russia. This aforementioned treaty "deprived Korea of its diplomatic sovereignty and made Korea a protectorate of Imperial Japan" (Wikipedia). 

The Korean Coins minted in the Japanese Protectorate Era bear uncanny and nearly identical appearance to the Sen Coins of Imperial Meiji Japan. For instance, there is the identical size, composition, similar legend layout, and the identical Japanese coiled and flying dragon. Moreover, the Korean silver Chon coins, the won coins, and the copper Chon coins were minted under contract by the Imperial Japanese Mint in Osaka, Japan. This same mint minted the general issued coinage of Japan. 

One thing to notice is that the copper chon coins struck during the Protectorate Era do not feature the Japanese dragons, unlike the silver 10, 20, and half wons. Instead, they feature the phoenix, a mythical creature and a symbol for Korea. For instance, the current presidential seal of the President of South Korea, feature two phoenixes on the side. 

Nevertheless, these particular two coins are the first two in its series. As background, there are seven total coins. They are, Kwangmu 9th, 10th, and 11th year and Yunghi 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th year. 

These two coins are the only coins in the series that are struck on a large die planchet, at 28mm. The subsequent issues from Kwangmu 11th year and the Yunghi series, are struck on a smaller 24mm planchet. 

In terms of mintage, the first two (Kwangmu 9th and 10th years) had a higher mintage, though they command a higher catalog and market value. 

(Note the Mix of English, Korean, and Hanja/Chinese Characters) 

Obverse: 大韓    光武 九 (十) 年     일젼     One Chon
Reverse: 一銭

Condition: XF

Mint Information:

Unlike the previous issues of Korean coinage in the Dynastic and Empire eras, all Protectorate Era coinage were minted at the Osaka Mint. Previous Empire era coinage were made at Incheon and Gyeonseong (Seoul). 

Osaka Mint Information:

Great Intro to Korean Numismatic History, in English:

The Korean Yang (and the currency system)
My other coins from the Korean Joseon, Empire, and Protectorate Eras