A history loving numismatist specializing in East Asian coins from China, Korea, and Japan.
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China Imperial Coinage (12) - A Pair of Kwangtung 20 Cents from the Reign of Kwang Hsu and Hsuan Tung- 廣東省造
These series of post will primarily focus on the smaller sized (5,10,20,50 cents) coins of Imperial Qing China.
Today's feature is a pair of common 20 cents from Kwangtung Province. They are from two reigns, Kuang Hsu (1875-1908) and Hsuan Tung (1908-1912)
Date: Kuang Hsu (1890-1908) and Hsuan Tung (1909-1911)
The 20 cents from Kwangtung Province is by far the most common silver coin for the collector. When I started collecting Chinese silver coins, the first Imperial silver I got-- was a Kwangtung 20 cents from the Kuang Hsu reign!
Nevertheless, these Kwangtung coins are very significant to the modern numismatic history of Qing China. This is because the first modern mint that struck machine struck (milled) coinage was at the Kwangtung mint in Canton (Guangzhou).
In 1888, the Qing government decided to contact the Heaton/Birmingham Mint in Great Britain to buy new dies for their new dollars. Typically, many know the weight of the ordinary Chinese dragon dollar-- 7 Mace and 2 Candareens. This is the weight of a Japanese Dragon Yen, or a Morgan Dollar. However, in the first coins struck by the Kwangtung Mint with these new dies, were slightly heavier, at 7 Mace and 3 Candareens for the dragon dollar. Why? This was because the Qing government wanted to bring competition against the foreign dollars used for trade at the time, such as the Spanish Peso, and the trade dollars of the United States and Japan.
However, with the second issue of the Kwangtung series of the design shown above, the Chinese minting authority decided to REDUCE the weight to the typical, as we know today, of 7 Mace and 2 Candareens.
Soon after the first issue of the Kwangtung dragon series, there were one issued more commonly and for general circulation. My particular pair of coins are from that era. The dragons look slightly different, and the obverse and reverse stylistic, are different.
This pair of 20 cents are virtually identical in the dragon style, and overall layout and style. However, the only difference is the reigning emperor, which was Kuang Hsu for the 1890-1908 issue (on the left) and the Hsuan Tung for the 1909-1911 issue (on the right)
You can clearly see the emperor's name, in Chinese characters, on the second picture (obverses).
These two coins are circulated.
Obverse: 廣東省造 光绪元寶 庫平一銭四分四釐
Reverse: Kwangtung Province 1 Mace and 4.4 Candareens