Korean Protectorate Coinage: The 10 Chon Silver Coins - 3 Coin Series from Emperor Kwangmu (11) and Yunghi (2 & 4)

Today's post is a set of 3 silver 10 Chon coins minted during the Japanese Protectorate era of Korea. 


Protectorate Korea - 10 Chon - Silver - Kwang Mu 11th Year
"Dae Han" Motto

Quick Overview:

Country: Korea (Protectorate)
Date: 

1) Kwangmu 11th Year - 1907
2) Yunghi 2nd Year - 1908
3) Yunghi 4th Year - 1910

Dynasty: Japanese Protectorate 
Region/Province: Korea
Composition: Silver
Catalog: 

1) KM# 1133
2) KM# 1139
3) KM# 1139


Mintage: 
1) 2.4 Million
2) 6.3 Million
3) 9.5 Million

         
*Coin looks similar to the Japanese Silver 10 Sen from the Meiji era? Read on for more information!*




Historical Background:


Japan-Korea Treaty of 1905 "The Eulsa Treaty" -https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan%E2%80%93Korea_Treaty_of_1905

The Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905-
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russo-Japanese_War

The Korean Protectorate Era was the last era of Korean Sovereignty (To some extent) till her full annexation in 1910. 

The increased Japanese influence in the Protectorate era is very easily seen. The Protectorate Era began with the Russian defeat in the Russo-Japanese War, and the signing of the Eulsa Treaty of 1905, also known as the "Japan–Korea Treaty of 1905." This treaty resulted because of the Japanese victory during the 1904-1905 war against Russia. This aforementioned treaty "deprived Korea of its diplomatic sovereignty and made Korea a protectorate of Imperial Japan" (Wikipedia). 

Remarks, Variety, Mintage, Rarity: 

As background, the Korean Coins minted in the Japanese Protectorate Era bear uncanny and nearly identical appearance to the Sen Coins of Imperial Meiji Japan. For instance, there is the identical size, composition, similar legend layout, and the identical Japanese coiled and flying dragon. Moreover, the Korean silver Chon coins, the won coins, and the copper Chon coins were minted under contract by the Imperial Japanese Mint in Osaka, Japan. This same mint minted the general issued coinage of Japan. 

For the ten chon series from the Korean Protectorate Era, there are 5 issues. They are as follows:

1. Kuangmu 10th Year - 1906 *
2. Kuangmu 11th Year - 1907** 
3. Yunghi 2nd Year - 1908**
4. Yunghi 3rd Year - 1909 $
5. Yunghi 4th Year - 1910 **

*This is the first in series. It is the only one with a slightly heavier weight of 2.7g and a greater thickness of 1.5mm. 
** These three are currently discussed. They are slightly lighter than the first issue. More specifically, they are 2.25g and 1.0mm thick. 
$This is the rarest variety of all. Krause says there is an unknown price. Perhaps a pattern piece? Perhaps destroyed, en masse? Who knows!

In terms of mintage, the three of mine are the most common. The Yunghi 4th Year is the most common out of all and commands the least market/catalog value. The Kwangmu 11th Year is rather scarce in comparison to its peers. 





Left: Yunghi 4th Year
Center: Yunghi 2th Year
Right: Kwangmu 11th Year 





(Note the Mix of English, Korean, and Hanja/Chinese Characters) 
Obverse: 大韓    光武/隆熙 十一 (二/四) 年     십젼     Ten Chon
Reverse: 十銭

Condition: VF-XF
Middle one has remaining luster. Right one is sharply struck, definitive XF. 

Mint Information:

Unlike the previous issues of Korean coinage in the Dynastic and Empire eras, all Protectorate Era coinage were minted at the Osaka Mint. Previous Empire era coinage were made at Incheon and Gyeonseong (Seoul). 

Osaka Mint Information:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japan_Mint



https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunjong_of_Korea

Great Intro to Korean Numismatic History, in English:


The Korean Yang (and the currency system)
My other coins from the Korean Joseon, Empire, and Protectorate Eras